The cartoon was directed, produced and voiced by Walt Disney. The title is a parody of the Buster Keaton film Steamboat Bill Jr. (1928). Music for Steamboat Willie was put together by Wilfred Jackson, one of Disney’s animators—not, as sometimes reported, by Carl Stalling—and comprises popular melodies including “Steamboat Bill” and “Turkey in the Straw”.
It is noted in the history books as the first animated short feature film with a completely post-produced soundtrack of music, dialogue, and sound effects, although other cartoons with synchronized soundtracks had been exhibited before.
The film has been the center of a variety of controversies regarding copyright. The copyright of the film has been repeatedly extended by acts of the United States Congress. However, recent evidence suggests that the film may be in the public domain due to technicalities related to the original copyright notice.
Both Mickey and Minnie Mouse had already made their debuts with the release of Plane Crazy on May 15, 1928. However the film had failed to catch the attention of the audience. The Gallopin’ Gaucho was a second attempt at success by co-directors Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks. The latter also served as the sole animator for it.
As the title implies, the short was intended as a parody of Douglas Fairbanks’s The Gaucho, a film first released on November 21, 1927. Following the original film, the events of the short take place in the Pampas of Argentina with Mickey cast as the gaucho of the title.
This is the first Mickey Mouse cartoon to be produced by Walt Disney Productions. in 1928 and the third to be released. The theatrical short marks the creation of Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse, and Clarabelle Cow. A silent version was previewed on May 15, 1928 in Los Angeles, but it failed to pick up a distributor. After producing a second cartoon, The Gallopin’ Gaucho, which also wasn’t released until later the following year, Disney produced a third cartoon, Steamboat Willie, which was released on November 18, 1928. After the success of Steamboat Willie, Disney officially released Plane Crazy with sound on March 17, 1929. This leads to some ambiguity as to which is the first Mickey Mouse cartoon, as Plane Crazy was the first to be produced while Steamboat Willie was the first to be released. The Walt Disney Company considers Steamboat Willie to be the debut of Mickey Mouse.
Amo a los girasoles! Son los personajes más jocosos de este corto.
Silly Symphonies is a series of animated short subjects, 75 in total, produced by Walt Disney Productions from 1929 to 1939, while the studio was still located at Hyperion Avenue in the Silver Lake district of Los Angeles. Unlike the Mickey Mouse series, to which it is a sister series, Silly Symphonies did not usually feature continuing characters. That is why at first were not successful because the distributors wanted main characters as Mickey Mouse. United Artists told Disney to associate Mickey Mouse to the Silly Symphonies in some way in order to distribute successfully the series. Disney decided to include the “Mickey Mouse presents aSilly Symphony” title in the series and promotions.
Donald Duck got his start in a Silly Symphonies cartoon (The Wise Little Hen, 1934), and Pluto’s first appearance without Mickey Mouse was also in a Silly Symphonies cartoon (Just Dogs, 1932). Characters such as Donald Duck and Humphrey the Bear were separated from the Silly Symphonies group to have their own cartoon series.
Walt Disney’s Silly Symphony Flowers and Trees (1932), directed by Burt Gillett, was the first ever film made in full-color Technicolor and represented a huge success to the series and Walt Disney Productions.